In India today, everyone in six couples is facing the issue of infertility i.e as many as 13 to 19 million couples. Infertility is the inability to conceive after a long duration of unprotected intercourse. It is generally defined as not conceiving after twelve months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of any birth control measure.
Infertility has become a great cause of worry in India today as the rates have increased enormously. Infertility is also related to mental health and happiness index as for the couples planning children, infertility brings in a lot of frustration. Addressing the problem, many facilitators of infertility treatment in India have recognized that there are many reasons that lead to infertility.
A rise in the adoption of unhealthy lifestyle like consumption of alcohol, smoking of cigarettes and tobacco, long working hours, sleep deprivation, stress, etc has resulted in the sharp rise in infertility rates in India. Infertility in both men and women can be caused due to above-mentioned reasons. Apart from these lifestyle factors, DNA damage, Thyroid,Diabetes mellitus, undiagnosed/untreated coeliac adrenal disease, etc also contribute invariably to infertility.
Infertility in Women
In women, infertility is caused due to various diseases like polycystic ovarian syndrome, pelvic inflammatory diseases (caused due to infections like tuberculosis), immune Infertility, etc.
Infertility in Men
The major causes of infertility in men are low semen quality, erectile dysfunction, testicular malformations, hormone imbalance, and blockage of the man’s duct system. Nevertheless, it is not something one needs to stress too much about, medical science has progressed enough to come up with various ways to sort this problem. Below mentioned are the most commonly used, tried and tested methods to overcome the problem of infertility.
IVF – In vitro fertilization
In-vitro preparation (IVF) is a way wherein an egg is joined with sperm outside the body, in vitro. In this procedure lady’s ovulatory procedure is checked and animated along these lines expelling an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the lady’s ovaries and giving sperm a chance to treat them in a fluid in a lab, henceforth this is additionally called as an unnaturally conceived child. The treated egg (zygote) is left to experience incipient organism culture for 2– 6 days, and after that is exchanged to the same or another lady’s uterus, with the expectation of setting up an effective pregnancy.
In a successful cycle, one or more embryos will be implanted in the uterine wall and will grow. A pregnancy test is to be taken in about two weeks. Once your pregnancy is confirmed post IVF, doctors advise having an ultrasound scan done at frequent intervals. IVF works where other infertility treatments fail and are workable for anyone. The centers infertility treatment in India are well known all around the world. They are well equipped with all the technology and have a team of expert doctors.
Surrogacy is a method of assisted reproduction that helps intended parents to have children who cannot conceive otherwise. It basically involves using one woman’s uterus for the purpose of implanting and carrying an embryo to deliver a baby for another person/couple. The woman who carries the embryo is called the surrogate. There are two primary kinds of surrogacy. One is the traditional and the other gestational and both works in somewhat different fashion.
In case of traditional surrogacy, the surrogate acts as both the egg donor and as the actual surrogate for
the embryo, and she is impregnated using a process known as intrauterine insemination, or IUI. In this IUI procedure, the doctor will transfer the sperm which is taken from the biological father and then subsequently transfers that sperm into the surrogate’s uterus so that fertilization may take place naturally. Hence, with traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is also the biological mother of the child. This type of surrogacy is typically only used if the biological mother’s egg and/or the biological father’s sperm can’t be put to use.
With gestational surrogacy, the surrogate’s eggs are not used at all. Hence the child, in this case, is not related to the surrogate mother biologically. Utilizing the gestational sort of surrogacy, the developing life is really made by utilizing both the natural dad’s sperm and the organic mother’s egg through a procedure brought in vitro treatment. Simply after the natural mother’s egg is prepared the fetus is exchanged to the uterus of the surrogate mother utilizing the procedure of IVF. By and large, takes in the vicinity of three and five days for the incipient organisms to create in the lab before exchanging them to the surrogate. At that point after the fetus has effectively been set into the surrogate’s uterus, the surrogate will convey the incipient organism all through the nine months.
Ovulation induction is a method that induces the ovulation in women by administration of medicines. It basically used to stimulate the development of ovarian follicles but it can also be used to trigger the oocyte release and form a perfectly mature ovarian follicle, thereby increasing the chances of conceptions.
Ovulation induction increases the chances of pregnancy from 10-20 percent per cycle. It depends on the factors such as age, cause/reason, and duration of infertility. For women suffering from ovulatory disorders, ovulation induction can help restore normal fertility rates, i.e 20-25 percent per month.